The election season in Dare County is in full swing now with candidates’ signs dotting front yards and street rights-of-way, invitations to fundraising meet-’n’-greets arriving in the mail, and absentee voters receiving their ballots.

If you have not yet registered to vote in Dare County, and qualify by age and residency to do so, you have until Oct. 12—25 days before the election—to sign up. Early voting for the Nov. 6 general election starts Oct. 17. (More about “one-stop” absentee voting, at the end of this blog. Note: There will be no early voting at the Pitts Center.)

Each of the 120 N.C. House of Representatives seats and 50 N.C. Senate seats is up for grabs in November. Members of the N.C. General Assembly, which is the collective name for the House and Senate, serve two-year terms. Dare County has one of each.

North Carolina has been and continues to be a red-hot political battleground because of the “supermajority” in the General Assembly that enables Republicans to override Democratic Gov. Roy Cooper’s vetoes and because of racial gerrymandering of U.S. congressional districts.


If Democrats gain either four House seats or six Senate seats, they will break the supermajority that Republicans currently have. I oppose a supermajority in a state legislature by any party—unless it truly represents party affiliation statewide, and then I’m moving—but The Beacon is not going to evaluate the candidates’ qualifications or make political endorsements. I simply urge voters to become informed.

In Senate district one, which includes Dare County, Democrat D. Cole Phelps is running against Republican Bob Steinburg to succeed Republican Bill Cook, who decided not to run for re-election. Mr. Steinburg currently represents House district one in the General Assembly. Dare County is in House district six.*

Running to succeed Representative Beverly Boswell in House district six are Democrat Tess Judge and Republican Bobby Hanig. Ms. Boswell was defeated earlier this year in the Republican primary. She ran against Ms. Judge’s late husband, Warren, a longtime Dare County commissioner, in 2016. Mr. Judge died three days before the election.


In late August, a federal district court ruled that North Carolina had unconstitutionally gerrymandered by race two of the state’s 13 U.S. congressional districts. This decision had nothing to do with state legislative districts, only federal districts, and will have no effect on the November election. (This is not the first time the N.C. General Assembly has engaged in unlawful racial gerrymandering.)

Dare County is in U.S. congressional district three, where, unfortunately, incumbent Congressman Walter B. Jones, who was first elected in 1994, is running unopposed. I say unfortunately because I believe the voters of northeastern North Carolina are ill-served by a one-party system. We deserve a choice, even if Mr. Jones, who faced a tough challenge in the Republican primary, wins in a landslide, as he usually has.

Ten of North Carolina’s 13 U.S. Congressional representatives are Republicans. Both of its U.S. senators, Richard Burr and Thom Tillis—neither of whom is up for re-election—are Republicans.


Mark your calendars for Sunday, Oct. 14, when the Dare County League of Women Voters will host an afternoon of candidate forums at Jennette’s Pier in Nags Head. In detailing below the LWV’s itinerary that day, I provide the party affiliations of the candidates because they are printed on the ballot, which I have seen, not because the candidates are necessarily seeking partisan offices.

According to the LWV’s online calendar, the itinerary for this free educational event will be:

From 1 p.m. to 2:30 p.m.:  Candidates for Dare County Board of Commissioners   

There are two contested races for seats on the seven-member Dare County Board of Commissioners: Republican Anne P. Petera is running against Democrat Ervin Bateman for the at-large seat held by retiring Commissioner Jack Shea, a Repubican and Southern Shores resident; and Democrat Rosemarie Doshier is challenging incumbent Commissioner Jim Tobin, a Republican, for the district one seat. District one covers Roanoke Island and the Dare County mainland.

Incumbent Commissioner Rob Ross, a Republican, is running unopposed in district two, which includes Nags Head, Colington, and Kill Devil Hills. Southern Shores is in district three with Kitty Hawk and Duck. Steve House, a Republican elected in 2016, represents our district.

Each of the commissioners’ terms is for four years.

From 2:30 p.m. to 3 p.m.: Candidates for N.C. Senate and House

The candidates for the N.C. General Assembly will reportedly “make presentations and be available to the audience.” They will not be participating in a traditional question-and-answer forum. All of the other candidates on the League’s program will respond to audience questions.

From 3 p.m. to 4:15 p.m.: Candidates for the Dare County Board of Education

Democrat Jen Alexander is challenging Republican incumbent Joe Tauber in BOE district two (NH, Colington, KDH), and Democrat Margaret Lawler, a Southern Shores resident, is running unopposed in district three (TOSS, KH, Duck). Ms. Lawler is vice-chairperson of the Board.

From 4:15 p.m. to 5 p.m.: Other Dare County Candidates

Current Register of Deeds Vanzolla McMurran, a Democrat, faces a challenge from Republican Cheryl House; and Republicans Dean Martin Tolson and J.D. (Doug) Doughtie are running unopposed for their respective offices of Clerk of the Dare County Superior Court and Dare County Sheriff.

All of the Dare County Superior and District Court judges whose four-year terms are expiring are running unopposed. They include:

Superior Court: J.C. Cole, Democrat; and Jerry R. Tillett, Republican

District Court: Robert Parks Trivette, Democrat; Eula E. Reid, Democrat; and Meader Harriss, Republican.

Incumbent District Attorney R. Andrew Womble, a Republican, is also running unopposed.

If you have any interest in becoming a soil and water conservation district supervisor, you may well win office by asking your family and friends to write in your name on the ballot. Two such supervisor positions are up for election, and each will be decided by write-in voting.

Voters also will be electing a N.C. Supreme Court justice and three justices on the N.C. Court of Appeals, which is the intermediate appellate court in the state. (The superior and district courts that I mention above are trial courts.) Because most voters don’t know anything about these candidates when they cast their ballots, I will give you a rundown about all of them in a separate blog.


Listed at the end of the election ballot, after the candidates’ names, are six proposed amendments to the N.C. Constitution, which you are asked to vote “for” or “against.” These referenda include the following:

INCOME TAX CAP: An amendment to reduce the income tax rate in North Carolina to a maximum allowable rate of seven percent (7%). The current rate is 10 percent (10%).

VOTER PHOTO ID: An amendment to require voters to provide photo identification before voting in person.

RIGHT TO HUNT: An amendment to protect the right of the people to hunt, fish, and harvest wildlife.

VICTIMS’ RIGHTS: An amendment to strengthen protections for victims of crime; to establish certain basic rights for victims; and to ensure the enforcement of these rights.

JUDICIAL VACANCIES: An amendment to change the process for filling judicial vacancies that occur between judicial elections from a process in which the Governor has sole appointment power to a process in which the people of North Carolina nominate individuals to fill vacancies by way of a commission comprised of appointees made by the judicial, executive, and legislative branches charged with making recommendations to the legislature as to which nominees are deemed qualified; then the legislature will recommend at least two nominees to the Governor via legislative action, not subject to gubernatorial veto; and the Governor will appoint judges from among these nominees.

(I will take up this amendment and the photo ID amendment when I look at the candidates for the N.C. Supreme Court and Court of Appeals.)

BOARD OF ETHICS: An amendment to establish an eight-member Bipartisan Board of Ethics and Elections Enforcement in the Constitution to administer ethics and elections law.

You may read about the League of Women Voters’ positions on the six amendments here: http://www.lwvdarenc.org/files/LWVNC-2018-Amendments-Positions2.pdf.


And finally . . . early, aka one-stop, voting begins Wed., Oct. 17, and will continue through Sat., Nov. 3, except for Oct. 20-21 and Oct. 27, when the polls will be closed. With the exception of Sun., Oct. 28 (noon to 4 p.m.) and Sat., Nov. 3 (8 a.m. to 1 p.m.), the polls will be open from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m.


Polling stations are as follows:

DARE COUNTY ADMIN. BLDG., 954 Marshall C. Collins Drive, Manteo

KDH TOWN HALL, 102 Town Hall Drive, KDH



*Explaining my asterisk above: District one in the N.C. Senate includes Dare, Beaufort, Camden, Currituck, Gates, Hyde, Pasquotank, and Perquimans counties. District six in the N.C. House of Representatives encompasses Dare, Beaufort, Hyde, and Washington counties. Camden, Currituck, Pasquotank, and Perquimans counties are in House district one, which Mr. Steinburg currently represents, along with Chowan and Tyrell counties.

I undoubtedly will repeat some of the information in this blog before the Nov. 6 election, especially with the Southern Shores Town Council taking a hiatus in October. Please check back for new and repeated details.

Ann G. Sjoerdsma, 9/26/18


Flooding overtakes a section of downtown Swansboro, N.C., on Sept. 14. (Photo courtesy of the Associated Press)

In a good will gesture, Mayor Tom Bennett has reached out to the mayor of Swansboro, N.C., a coastal town about the size of Southern Shores, and offered to send supplies to help its residents recover from flooding caused by Hurricane/Tropical Storm Florence. The small town in Onslow County, near Camp Lejeune Marine Corps Base, has experienced a total rainfall since last Thursday of more than 35 inches, much of it falling during the storm’s first two days.

At last night’s Planning Board meeting, Mayor Bennett described how he asked town staff to identify some hard-hit towns in North Carolina that, like Southern Shores, have a population of about 3,000 people. Swansboro qualifies, although Southern Shores is larger in area. The total land and water area of Swansboro, which is on the Intracoastal Waterway about 80 miles northeast of Wilmington, is about 1.3 square miles.

According to Mayor Bennett, Swansboro has been “hammered” by Florence, and flooding there has been “devastating.” Many residents are without electricity. The Mayor recommended donations of tarps, plastic storage boxes, and plastic containers, but any nonperishable items, such as canned foods, bottled water, soft drinks, toilet paper and other paper products, pet foods and supplies, and cleaning products, are in demand. You may bring your donations to Town Hall today and in the ensuing days. (Update 9/21: Mayor Bennett reports that trailer- and truck-loads of donations will be delivered to Swansboro today.)

Tiny Swansboro topped the National Weather Service’s preliminary rainfall totals for North Carolina towns as of noon Saturday, Sept. 15 with a record 30.58 inches. By Sunday night, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Admin. was reporting an unofficial total rainfall for Swansboro of 33.89 inches. Rain is still in Swansboro’s forecast today, but it is predicted to end by tomorrow.

“We broke the state record for rain at one time,” Swansboro Mayor John Davis told USA Today, “but considering the strength of the storm and how long it has stayed, we did pretty well.”

Rainfall totals from Hurricane Florence have eclipsed those from Hurricane Floyd, which wreaked havoc in eastern North Carolina in 1999. Floyd dumped a record 24.06 inches on Wilmington, which sits on the Cape Fear River and is currently coping with the aftermath of Florence’s rain and storm surge. Besides Floyd, Wilmington was hammered, to use the Mayor’s verb, in 1996 by Hurricane Fran.

Swansboro, which is in Onslow County across the waterway from Hammonds Beach State Park, is a former plantation that was incorporated as a town in 1783. The town’s motto is “The Friendly City by the Sea.” Its historic district made the National Register of Historic Places in 1990.

Thanks to Florence’s strong winds, Mayor Davis said in his USA Today interview, “[W]e had 10 roofs peel off like the tops of cans” in the historic district.

I would like to thank Mayor Bennett for his thoughtful and gracious offer to Mayor Davis and encourage Southern Shores residents to donate what they can. When I asked Mr. Bennett after the Planning Board meeting if Southern Shores suffered any storm-related damage, he replied: “Nothing.”

“Just pine needles,” he said, smiling. “A few downed tree limbs, but no trees.”

Other northern Outer Banks towns fared similarly. There will be no storm-debris pickup anywhere in Dare County. Just a reminder, however: If you own property on one of the town’s canals, and a tree fell in the canal during the storm, you are responsible for removing it.


It appeared from the Planning Board’s online agenda that much of last night’s meeting would be devoted to considering the Southern Shores Volunteer Fire Dept.’s Conditional Use Permit application to build a new fire station at its current site. But because of the storm, the SSVFD’s engineer, Joseph C. Avolis of New Bern-based Avolis Engineering, P.A., could not attend the meeting. The Board will take up the CUP at its Oct. 15 meeting. (Links to CUP materials are at https://www.southernshores-nc.gov/planning-board-meet-september-17-2018/.)

The Planning Board instead spent more than 90 minutes discussing what, if any, modifications it would recommend that the Town Council make to the newly adopted zoning text amendment, ZTA 18-07, about regulating nonconforming lots. The Board concluded its extremely thorough discussion by agreeing unanimously that it needed more time to evaluate how the new law affects property owners, vis-à-vis protecting the town’s interests, and whether any exceptions to the law are warranted.

“This board will always do due diligence,” Chairperson Glenn Wyder stated. Earlier in the session, he stressed: “We want to do things right.”

On Sept. 5, the Town Council voted 4-1 to replace current Town Code sec. 36-132 with the text of ZTA 18-07, which seeks to curtail development on nonconforming lots, in particular, 50-foot-wide lots that were once part of 100-foot-wide parcels. The new law seeks to “recombine” nonconforming lots into conforming lots so that the resulting parcel is a minimum width of 100 feet, which has been the minimum size for a buildable lot in Southern Shores since enactment of the Town Code.

This “do-over” became necessary, in large part, because the original sec. 36-132, which took effect in 1981 and sought recombination of all nonconforming lots owned by a single owner into conforming lots, was drafted inartfully—so poorly as to not trigger recombination of vacant, adjacent nonconforming lots in single ownership.

At least, that is the opinion of Town Attorney Ben Gallop, who has determined the Planning Department’s approach. Some Southern Shores residents believe that sec. 36-132 was sufficient and that the sales of many 50-foot-wide lots in town should not have been allowed to occur. I believe the intent of the Town Council nearly 40 years ago was to recombine all nonconforming lots that were not single lots. The language it used is debatable and, now, with the new law, moot.

Prior to the town’s 1979 incorporation, single lots of 75 feet were sold and developed, but most of the parcels sold consisted of two or more 50-foot-wide lots. Restrictive covenants that run with these lands require developing them as 100-foot-wide tracts. (Some pre-incorporation exceptions on the oceanfront do exist.)

With an eye toward assessing ZTA 18-07’s effect, new Planning Board member Andy Ward, a local builder, did a comprehensive lot-by-lot analysis of Ocean Boulevard, starting at Pelican Watch and going north, and of nearby streets, including Duck Road, Porpoise Run, Trout Run, and Wax Myrtle Trail. Mr. Ward presented his thorough analysis (he worked on “rainy days,” he joked) to the Board before it started its deliberations. Mr. Wyder called it “a great identifying tool for us as a board and eventually for the town council.”

This analysis allows easy identification of properties and property owners directly affected by the new law. (You may view it at https://www.southernshores-nc.gov/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/8-22-18-Ward-Scenarios.pdf.) In examining Mr. Ward’s scenarios, Board members made clear that they do not wish to unduly burden individual property owners. They spent the bulk of last night’s meeting deliberating over exceptions to the new law.

“We want to try to be fair,” said Elizabeth Morey, the Planning Board vice-chairperson.

“We want to make people whole who are in place,” said Mr. Ward.

One such property owner identified by the Board is Richard M. White of Elizabeth City, who owns 85 Ocean Blvd., two 50-foot-wide lots that he developed in 1999 as a single 100-foot-wide lot. In 2014, Mr. White, who was present at last night’s meeting, bought a former paper street at 85A Ocean Blvd., which is a nonconforming 50-foot-wide lot. He would like to build on this investment property.

On May 21, however, the Planning Board, sitting as the Board of Adjustment, denied Mr. White’s request for a side-yard setback variance on 85A Ocean Blvd. because House Engineering, P.C., of Kitty Hawk, who represented him, sought a setback reduction from 15 feet to 10 feet, not 12 feet. All of the side-yard setback variances that the Board approved on 50-foot-wide lots, before adoption of ZTA 18-07, were for 12 feet.

The new law specifies that owners of single 50-foot-wide lots—meaning they do not own any adjacent property—may use a side-yard setback of 12 feet. Mr. White cannot avail himself of this variance, however, because the new law requires him to recombine 85 and 85A Ocean Blvd. into one 150-foot-wide parcel.

To remedy Mr. White’s situation, the Board eventually arrived at a possible exception that Mr. Haskett framed. If I understood it correctly, the exception would apply to a single owner who has a vacant nonconforming lot adjacent to two nonconforming lots that have a structure on them (e.g., Mr. White’s rental house). Under this exception, Mr. White would have to recombine the two lots that make up 85 Ocean Blvd., but not the lot at 85A Ocean Blvd.

Upon hearing this proposal, I immediately began brainstorming ways to use the exception to get around the recombination mandate of the new law. I’m sure other property owners and their lawyers would do the same. I think it would be more efficient to except former paper streets from the definition of nonconforming lots. Mr. White’s case is unique.


I found Board members’ discussions last night among themselves and with Mr. Gallop and Deputy Town Manager/Planning Director Wes Haskett to be thoughtful, creative, and wide-ranging. They coalesced into the excellent suggestion that Mr. Wyder meet with Mr. Gallop and Mr. Haskett to focus these discussions.

In Mr. Gallop’s exchanges with the Planning Board, the Town Attorney repeatedly returned to the questions of the Board’s objectives—“What are the problems you’ve trying to solve?”—and its policies, apart from individual property owners’ circumstances. In my opinion, the Planning Board has to ensure that any exceptions it recommends to the Town Council reflect sound policy that benefits the town, at large. Exceptions should be policy-driven, not property-owner-driven, and, thus, neutral and non-discriminatory.

In stating the Board’s objective, Mr. Wyder said: “The idea is to maximize the number of conforming lots and minimize the number of nonconforming lots.”

While true, I believe this statement is too broad. I believe it needs to be broken down into a more practical analysis that rests on policy considerations.

The only other observation I would make is that sometimes the Planning Board members refer to, and fear, legal repercussions from their actions, without articulating or knowing what the legal cause of action would be. The Town Council does this, as well. I understand that all of these town representatives take their responsibilities very seriously and do not wish to harm the town in any way. I commend them for their conscientiousness. I also know that we live in a very litigious society. But you cannot sue on the air you breathe or just because you feel like it. You have to state a legally actionable claim.

Last night, one member brought up the concern that a recombination of nonconforming lots might be an unconstitutional taking of property. Lawyers know it is not, and I was most gratified when Mr. Gallop put that fear to rest, citing the U.S. Supreme Court as authority. I wish he would speak up more often and address Planning Board and Town Council members’ legal concerns when they arise. In my experience and opinion, they are often unfounded.

Ann G. Sjoerdsma, 9/18/18

9/14/18: ALL SOUTHERN SHORES RESIDENTS, PROPERTY OWNERS ALLOWED REENTRY TOMORROW, AT 7 A.M.; VISITORS PERMITTED SUNDAY; Florence Stays South of Outer Banks, Making Landfall at Wrightsville Beach, as Category One Hurricane


All permanent residents, non-resident property owners, and all other Priority Two and Three personnel will be allowed reentry to the Outer Banks, north of Oregon Inlet, tomorrow, starting at 7 a.m., according to Dare County Emergency Management. All visitors will be permitted into the northern Outer Banks starting 7 a.m. Sunday.

Priority One or “essential” personnel are currently allowed on the Outer Banks north of Oregon Inlet.

These county orders are based on the latest reports from the National Weather Service and the National Hurricane Center and could change if weather conditions change. But I think it’s safe to say that Hurricane Flo is a no-show, and, except for some minor beach road overwash in Kitty Hawk and Nags Head, the northern Outer Banks escaped unscathed.

According to The Weather Channel, Hurricane Florence made landfall at Wrightsville Beach, near Wilmington, at 7:15 a.m. today. As of this writing (about 12:30 p.m. Friday), it is heading south toward Myrtle Beach, S.C.

There currently is no access to Hatteras Island because of ocean overwash on N.C. Hwy. 12, which has been closed. According to Emergency Management, the N.C. Dept. of Transportation must clear the roads and bridges of debris, inspect them for structural damage, and do necessary repairs before access to the island will be permitted.

Priority Two personnel include permanent residents and essential personnel for critical businesses. For reentry, such personnel must have a valid N.C. driver’s license with a local address or a current Dare County property tax bill or parcel data sheet. Non-resident essential personnel of critical businesses, such as food service/supply, pharmacies, banks, gas stations, property management, building supply, and hotels will be allowed reentry only with a permit, according to the county website.

Priority Three encompasses non-resident property owners and non-resident employees of non-critical businesses. Non-resident property owners must display a reentry permit (see photo above) or have a current tax bill or parcel data sheet with matching government-issued identification, such as a driver’s license.

Reentry permits from previous years will not be accepted. However, those with an April 1, 2018 expiration date remain valid until Dec. 30, 2018.

For more details about reentry, see:


I will provide information specific to Southern Shores when it is available.

Ann G. Sjoerdsma, 9/14/18


The Weather Channel is enjoying a bonanza in its ratings.
Hurricane Bonnie nears Wilmington, N.C., on Aug. 26, 1998. It made landfall at Cape Fear. (photo credit, Wikipedia)

In light of the weather news this week, I thought you might enjoy reading a column I wrote 20 years ago for The Virginian-Pilot when I was an editorial columnist. It appeared Aug. 29, 1998 and was headlined “OUTER BANKS HURRICANE WATCH: Bonnie Moved Slowly, as I Waited.” You’ll note that I refer in the article to Hurricane Felix, a 1995 storm. Unfortunately, I cannot locate a copy of the Aug. 27, 1995 column that I wrote about Felix. In that piece, I stopped and interviewed people in Kitty Hawk, KDH, and Nags Head who, in general, were taking the storm in stride. Here’s my report on Bonnie:

WHILE OUTER BANKS VACATIONERS panic at the words “mandatory evacuation” and rush to sit for hours in traffic gridlock, we barrier-island locals know just how long the wait for a hurricane can be. Too many times, I’ve kept an anxious eye on one of these anthropomorphic forces of nature only to have it fail to show up or be a shadow of its former self when it did.

Of course, tourists have to be ushered off the beaches early to minimize later potential disaster, though it’s a shame they leave on the lovely sunny day (last Tuesday) before the hunkering-down begins. Realistically confronting a hurricane, not simply fleeing from its possibility, is largely a matter of mathematics. And unpredictability. A hurricane’s slow course cannot be confidently plotted. This much I’ve learned.

Am I better off waiting in Elizabeth City or Norfolk? And when a hurricane’s as big as Texas—Bonnie’s girth—is there any hiding place? There will be ample time to tell.

At 9 a.m. last Wednesday, Bonnie was 100 miles south of Wilmington, N.C., and moving at 14 miles per hour. Slower than the previous night. It doesn’t take a calculator to figure that if Bonnie, which was packing 115-mph winds, continued at this speed and on its north-northwest path, it wouldn’t reach Wilmington for seven hours; and since Wilmington is a fair bit south of my inland Outer Banks residence, I had hours to while before deciding whether to hightail it out. What to do?

Hit the town. What else?

Theoretically, everyone should leave during a countywide mandatory evacuation; and certainly, if you’re a tourist, the hotels and cottage rental companies can oust you. But the police don’t go door-to-door, forcibly removing people. And until a curfew is issued, the roads are fair game.

Three years ago, when I waited out Felix—which traveled at 6 godawful slow miles an hour before it stalled off the coast and went out to sea—I felt as if I had returned to 1975, so wide-open were the roads. But today, with the increase in the number of Outer Banks year-rounders, the tempestuous Bonnie had much more company.

At 10:30 a.m., there was traffic. No wind, no rain. But traffic. The 7-Eleven in Kitty Hawk was a happening place. “Welcome, Bonnie,” the message on its window boards teased. “Come on in . . . OPEN.” And people did, buying milk, bread, toilet paper, gas. The mood was festive, but the wait had just begun.

Down the road in Kill Devil Hills, 40 cars were parked at Kmart, as signs there promised batteries and water and announced that the usually jam-packed store was “being run by all volunteer staff.” “Volunteer” is code for bored locals going nuts at home.

A couple in cutoff jeans emerged carrying two big boxes of detergent: Bonnie had forced them to confront laundry day.

Open supermarkets and combo service station-convenience stores were doing a brisk business, as was Ace hardware. Two men fished in the pond next to the Nags Head movie Cineplex. I wondered if there actually were fish in it, but didn’t stop to ask. Only one police car passed by. On the Nags Head oceanfront, a construction crew banged nails on a partially built cottage.

“My Bonnie Lies Over the Ocean—Stay There” was the hands-down favorite message spray-painted on boarded-up windows. With an ungrammatical variant having Bonnie laying over the same.

A young man sat in front of Las Trancas restaurant in Nags Head, playing an accordion. All of the hotels were closed, except the Ramada Inn and Holiday Inn in Kill Devil Hills, where droves of newspeople were staying. These unlucky folks start out thinking a hurricane watch is exciting, then end up hyping ocean surge far weaker than the typical nor’easter produces.

By noon, Bonnie had slowed to 12 mph. Still no rain. In the woods of Southern Shores, a man watered his lawn.

Seeing people at the Exxon convenience store near the old Trading Post in Kill Devils Hills reminded me of the waterspout that came in there in 1978. The black wind tunnel damaged the pink Wilbur Wright Hotel beyond repair and caused a refrigerator to move in a house across the street, crushing a woman to death. I stood watching it from two miles away, transfixed.

Up in Kitty Hawk, Miles Davis, owner of Winks grocery store, which is closing on Labor Day after 45 years,* greeted customers in search of eggs, bacon, bread, batteries, bottled water and ice. Auto mechanic Kevin Bradshaw popped in. He was enjoying a “free day” at work—no phone interruptions. The popular Kitty Hawk pier restaurant was packing ’em in.

To the north, upscale Duck and Corolla were deserted.

By 3 p.m., Bonnie, which had hit land at Cape Fear, was 40 miles south of Wilmington and moving at 10 miles per hour. Simple math: The wait lengthened.

At 5 p.m., I looked out at the same gray sky, the same still trees in the same still air. Bonnie had slowed to 8 mph; it was 21 miles south of Wilmington, heading inland and weakening.

By 9 p.m., the Texas-size hurricane had stalled. Still no wind or rain. Ditto at 11 p.m.

Hundreds of people were rescued from the ocean at the Outer Banks during the first two weeks of August when a storm system whipped up the surf and created dangerous rip currents. Four people drowned. Maybe it’s because I know that the Outer Banks is never without danger that I can wait for new danger to arrive.

By 9 a.m. Thursday, the wind had finally picked up. A light rain fell. Bonnie, now blowing 75-mph winds, was near New Bern, N.C., moving northeast at 6 mph. People were talking about a new girl named Danielle. It was going to be a long day.


In an online report on Hurricane Bonnie, Wikipedia says it was “the most observed hurricane in history.” See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hurricane_Bonnie_(1998).

*Mr. Davis did sell Winks in Kitty Hawk, but the new owner retained the name.

MY BOTTOM-LINE ADVICE: If you find yourself panicked by all of the hurricane-watch hype—and it is both extensive and relentless—take a deep, deep breath; turn off the Weather Channel; and seek out someone who you know is unflappable in an emergency. Prevail upon a cooler head to help you restore your equilibrium. You will have plenty of time to engage in reasoned decision-making, based on facts, not fear.

Ann G. Sjoerdsma, 9/10/18


Swimming pools count toward lot coverage . . .
. . . but now gravel walkways do not.

The Southern Shores Town Council last night passed a modified version of the lot coverage zoning text amendment (ZTA) and the original version of the nonconforming lots ZTA, endorsing recommendations made by the Town Planning Board and involving that board in anticipated “tweaking” of the latter. Both votes were 4-1. (See The Beacon’s Aug. 21, 2018 report about the Planning Board’s action.)

Said Town Councilman Jim Conners in making the motion to adopt ZTA 18-07, the original proposal to amend the current flawed Town Code ordinance on nonconforming lots (sec. 36-132): “It’s very important that we adopt something to stop what’s going on.”

(The Beacon has written extensively about the recent trend toward constructing houses on nonconforming lots that once made up a single combined conforming parcel. In the usual case, a 100-foot-wide parcel is sold off and developed as two 50-foot-wide lots.)

Agreeing with a majority view that ZTA 18-07 has some problems, Mr. Conners encouraged a “joint effort” among the Town Council, the Planning Board, the Town Attorney, the Town Planning Director, and other staff on “tweaking” the Code amendment, so that “outlier issues” are resolved. The Town Council previously has expressed concern about the adverse impact the ZTA appears to have on some property owners.

New Planning Board Chairperson Glenn Wyder favorably responded to Mr. Conners’s suggestion, saying, “We’re at a place where we can finally nail things down and do it the right way. . . . We are willing to finalize this.”

ZTA 18-07, which became Town law as soon as Mayor Tom Bennett signed it into effect, will return to the Planning Board for what the Mayor characterized as “refinements.” Only Councilman Chris Nason voted against its adoption and subsequent fine-tuning, saying that the stopgap ZTA takes a sledgehammer approach to the development problems it addresses.

In presenting his Board’s actions on both ZTAs, Mr. Wyder cited the great importance the amendments have on land use in Southern Shores and on preservation of the vision that Town founders had. Noting that ZTA 18-04, the lot-coverage amendment, has a history dating back to Aug. 7, 2017, Mr. Wyder described the “systematic approach” that he and his Planning Board colleagues applied to analyzing every provision of the ZTA.

The Chairperson aptly characterized their discussion as “vigorous” and their research as “significant.” Having witnessed their discussion, I can attest to its vigor, preparedness, and thoroughness. I am very impressed with Mr. Wyder’s leadership and the Planning Board’s teamwork. Mr. Wyder was spot-on in his initial remarks when he said that the Board “went above and beyond” in exercising “due diligence.”

The Planning Board approved three of ZTA 18-04’s provisions, which amend the Town Code law on maximum allowable lot coverage (sec. 36-202(d)(6), and rejected three other proposed changes, including exemptions for 500 square feet of the water area of swimming pools and certain types of driveways and parking areas.

The Town Council agreed with the Planning Board’s analysis and passed the recommended changes into law. Only Councilman Gary McDonald dissented, saying he was concerned about neighborhood density and stormwater runoff and would like to leave the current ordinance “as is.”

Pursuant to the new law, gravel walkways will no longer be counted toward the 30-percent maximum allowable lot coverage, nor will “open-slatted decks that allow water to penetrate through to pervious material, not exceeding a total of 25 percent of the total footprint area of the attached single-family dwelling.”

To take advantage of these exemptions, the new law requires an applicant for a building or zoning permit to present a survey that meets the Town’s requirements for a Lot Disturbance and Stormwater Management Permit.

OPINION: The Town Council and Planning Board worked well together on both of these measures. Collaboration between these two bodies, which are independent decision-makers, is essential to carrying out what the Southern Shores Town Code (sec. 24-27) states is the prime objective of the Planning Board: “to bring about a coordinated and harmonious development” of the town. Sec. 24-27 enumerates the Planning Board’s broad powers and duties, the reading of which confirms that it serves the Town, not the Town Council, and is expected to be proactive. One of the Planning Board’s powers is: “To make any other recommendations which it sees fit for improving the development of the area.” It seems to me that if either of the ZTAs enacted last night has an untoward effect, such as increasing stormwater runoff in the roads or in adjacent properties, or too much “sledgehammering,” the Planning Board can step in and propose remedies.


Many members of the Southern Shores Volunteer Fire Dept. turned out last night to hear and support architect Kenneth C. Newell’s latest briefing to the Town Council on the proposed new fire station.

For two hours yesterday afternoon, Mr. Newell, who is a partner in the Gastonia, N.C.-based firm of Stewart, Cooper, Newell, PA, also was available to the public in an information meeting at the Pitts Center. Unfortunately, I was one of only two people who attended that event, and the other person has a potential financial interest in the station’s construction.

Mr. Newell informed the Town Council that the station construction project will be out for bids in about two to three weeks and will remain open for four weeks after that. The architect assured Councilman Conners, when he inquired about local contractors, that the project bidding period will be “publicly advertised” and that local contractors will have an opportunity to compete.

When asked by Councilman Fred Newberry what the anticipated cost of the project is, Mr. Newell cited the volatility of market prices and gave a range of between $325 and $425 per square foot. He told Mr. Newberry that the proposed station size is “just over 13,000 square foot.” Earlier, he told me that it is 14,000 square feet. Applying all of these figures, the potential cost for a 13,000-square-foot station, therefore, would be between $4.2 million and $5.5 million; and for a 14,000-square-foot station, it would be between $4.6 million and $6 million (rounding up).

(In his report to Council earlier in the evening, SSVFD Chief Ed Limbacher responded to a question asked last month about compensation for the SSVFD’s services in 2019-20: “We don’t anticipate asking for any more money in the next budget cycle,” he said.)

I plan to write a blog about the proposed new fire station, based on my interview yesterday with Mr. Newell and further research. The Town Council is expected to vote on whether or not Southern Shores will financially participate in the station’s construction at its Nov. 7 meeting.

The new fire station, which is single level and equipped with four “double-loaded drive-through bays,” according to Mr. Newell, would be built on the existing site of the current station at South Dogwood Trail and Pintail Trail.

“We worked with the department to meet its minimum needs” and to be “cost-effective” on a site that poses constraints, he said. “There’s not a lot of fluff in the building.”

Mr. Newell, who has designed 400 fire stations across the country, in 26 different states, also had to meet certain legal requirements, which I’ll explore later.

I refer you to the SSVFD’s website for more details: www.ssvfd.net.


Also last night, Town Manager Peter Rascoe gave an update on three major capital improvement projects, saying:

*RPC Contracting, Inc. has already started working on the east end of the East Dogwood Trail walking path. The construction is to be completed by Jan. 23, 2019.

*RPC Contracting, which also was low bidder on the Yaupon Trail rebuilding project, will start working there on Oct. 15. Completion date is May 15, 2019.

*The “specs” are out on the Juniper Trail project, and bids are due to be opened Sept. 25.

As The Beacon reported yesterday, RPC’s winning bid on the East Dogwood walking path was $167,550, which, according to an internal memo to the Town Council from Mr. Rascoe, “includes three bid alternates for construction of feeder crosswalks across East Dogwood Trail and its medial to the new walking path—at Hillcrest Drive, Sea Oats Trail, and Wax Myrtle Trail.” (This memo was included in yesterday’s meeting packet.) Barnhill Contracting Co. and Hatchell Concrete Inc. also submitted bids.

RPC’s bid on Yaupon Trail was $377,320. The only other bidder, Barnhill Contracting Co., submitted a bid of $538,400. I would like to know what accounts for the wide discrepancy in these bids, but I did not raise the question last night.


The Southern Shores Town Code provides that in the event of a “damaging storm and enactment of a building moratorium”—when “no building permits shall be issued”—a special reconstruction task force “will oversee the recovery and reconstruction process and serve as an advisory body to the town council on recovery/reconstruction issues.”

You may read about damaging storms, building moratoriums, and the reconstruction task force in the emergency management chapter of the Town Code at sec. 12-66 et seq. Sec. 12-68(b) specifies the conditions under which an “initial post-storm reconstruction moratorium shall be declared.” Mayor Bennett summarized them well when he said: “This is Hurricane Katrina in Southern Shores.”

The 12-member reconstruction task force only becomes an acting committee upon the declaration of the initial building moratorium. Sec. 12-69(c) specifies the composition of the task force by office or by representation. Last night, the Town Council appointed the people who will serve on the task force, as follows:

1)      Two elected officials: Mayor Tom Bennett and Mayor Pro Tem Chris Nason

2)      Town manager

3)      Two Planning Board members: Chairperson Glenn Wyder and Vice-Chairperson Elizabeth Morey

4)      One Board of Adjustment member: Andy Ward

5)      One representative each from the Southern Shores Civic Assn. and the Chicahauk Civic Assn.: to be determined (TBD)

6)      Building inspector

7)      Police Chief or his representative: TBD

8)      Fire chief of his representative: TBD

9)      One representative from either the realty or the construction community: Matt Neal of Neal Contracting, who is 2018 president of the Outer Banks Home Builders Assn.

OVERALL, last night’s meeting was very successful. I should probably end this lengthy report on a positive note, but instead, I feel compelled to mention . . .


Town Council’s October Meeting Canceled

Mayor Bennett made a motion last night to cancel the Town Council’s regular meeting of Oct. 2 due to a “lack of agenda items.” Councilman Conners quickly seconded this motion, and it passed, 3-2, over dissents by Councilmen Newberry and McDonald.

Council Resolution 2017-12-01 was cited as authority for this motion. That resolution lists all of dates for regular and special meetings in 2018 and states that “any meeting may be cancelled for lack of agenda items.”

The problem that I have with this cancellation is that the reason offered by the Mayor was disingenuous, at best. Deceitful, as worst. I asked Town Manager Rascoe last month why the October meeting was being canceled, and this is what he wrote to me in an Aug. 8 email:

“The cancellation has been previously noted to the Council at meetings on three separate meetings since January and is due to the Town Manager being unable to attend due to a family commitment.”

It is actions like this motion and meeting cancellation that give those of us committed to transparency and open government pause. It’s not a matter of politics or personalities, it’s a matter of trust and playing by the rules. The fact that Mr. Rascoe is taking a vacation should have no bearing on next month’s Town Council meeting.

Besides the agenda items of the usual five staff reports, I can identify the following others in October: the Planning Board’s report from its Sept. 17 meeting, which includes action on the conditional use permit for the proposed fire station and, possibly, suggestions on ZTA 18-07; the Southern Shores Historic Landmarks Commission’s report on its latest application; public comments—I personally have a problem with construction noise that I’d like to bring up; and any other items that Town Council members would like to put on the agenda, such as followup on the cut-through traffic problem, the local Outer Banks “housing crisis,” as presented last night in public comments by Mr. Neal and representatives from the Outer Banks Chamber of Commerce and the Outer Banks Restaurants Assn..; the planning/opening of a branch library in Southern Shores, an interesting idea brought up by Mr. Conners in his final comments; and any other issues that may arise in the MONTH between now and Oct. 2.

After the Town Council adjourned, it met in closed session to discuss a matter pertaining to the fitness of an employee. Mr. McDonald suggested that this matter, too, could be an agenda item in October.

Meetings are canceled for a lack of agenda items mere days before the event, not a whole month out.

Historic Landmarks Meeting Postponed

Also disconcerting for me was to learn, through Deputy Town Manager/Planning Director Wes Haskett’s report, that the Historic Landmarks Commn.’s Aug. 28 hearing on an application for 170 Ocean Blvd. was postponed because the Commission did not yield a quorum. That means that three of the five Commission members couldn’t or didn’t show, for whatever reason. I only hope that the out-of-town applicant was informed well ahead of time.

It’s time to do what’s necessary to appoint alternates to the Commission. Its rescheduled meeting is Sept. 25, 9 a.m., in the Pitts Center.

Ann G. Sjoerdsma, 9/6/18

9/5/18: VIEW DESIGN PLANS FOR NEW FIRE STATION, 3-5 p.m.; ATTEND TOWN COUNCIL MEETING, starting at 5:30 p.m.: Lot coverage & nonconforming lots ZTAs on Council agenda again

You also may see architectural drawings of the proposed new fire station at the SSVFD’s website, http://www.ssvfd.net.

Today you will have an opportunity to see the design plans for the proposed new fire station, which would be located at the same South Dogwood Trail-Pintail Trail site as the current station is, and ask questions of architect Ken Newell in an “information meeting” from 3 p.m. to 5 p.m. in the Pitts Center.

Later during the Town Council’s meeting, which starts at 5:30 p.m., Mr. Newell, of Stewart Copper-Newell Architects, PA, will brief the Mayor and the four councilmen on those plans. Although the Town of Southern Shores has paid for the architect’s services, it has yet to commit to participating financially in the fire station’s construction. That vote is expected to be taken at the Town Council’s Nov. 7 meeting.

Although billed as “new business” on tonight’s meeting agenda, the Town Council will hold another public hearing on ZTA 18-04, a proposed amendment to change calculation of the maximum allowable lot coverage (30 percent), as set forth in Town Code Sec. 36-202(d)(6). This amendment effort dates back more than a year and has come before both the Town Planning Board and the Town Council multiple times. (See The Beacon’s archives.)

The Town Council will also revisit the subject of development on nonconforming lots, specifically, building on lots that are smaller than the Town Code-required 20,000 square feet and 100-feet width. This issue is a can that the Town Council has kicked down the road, in large part because—in my humble opinion—Council members have not been adequately prepared to discuss the applicable zoning text amendment, ZTA 18-07, which passed 3-2 on a first reading June 5.

In July, rather than hold a second reading on ZTA 18-07, the Town Council unanimously approved a motion directing Town Attorney Ben Gallop to gut it. “Gut it” is my view of what the new nonconforming lots ZTA, 18-07A, does to the original amendment of Town Code sec. 36-132. Others might say, less stridently, “limit” it or “restrict” it.

The Town Planning Board took decisive action at its Aug. 20 meeting on ZTA 18-04, 18-07, and 18-07A, unanimously approving a scaled-back version of the lot-coverage amendment (allowing gravel walkways and some open-slatted decks to be exempted from the 30-percent calculation); rejecting the “gutted” nonconforming lots ZTA 18-07A, principally because it would allow owners of vacant land, of which there is still a considerable amount in the Southern Shores beach zone, to sell their land as separate 50-foot-wide lots; and endorsing the comprehensive ZTA 18-07, which would protect the Town from higher-density development similar to what we see south of us.

New Planning Board Chairperson Glenn Wyder will present his five-member Board’s recommendations to the Town Council tonight. It is The Beacon’s fervent wish that the Town’s elected officials will see the wisdom of this dedicated and informed volunteer Board’s decisions and endorse them. (See The Beacon’s report, Aug. 21, 2018.)

The Town Council will hold a public hearing on the revised ZTA 18-07A and may consider a second reading of ZTA 18-07. A super majority of four Council members is required to pass ZTA 18-07A. ZTA 18-07 may be passed with a simple majority of three.

Other business of note in tonight’s meeting agenda (see below for a link to the agenda and the meeting packet) includes Town Manager Peter Rascoe’s report of awarding two capital-improvement-project contracts to RPC Contracting, Inc.

RPC received the contract for the construction of the East Dogwood walking path with a bid of $167,550, which, according to an internal memo from Mr. Rascoe in the meeting packet, “includes three bid alternates for construction of feeder crosswalks across East Dogwood Trail and its medial to the new walking path—at Hillcrest Drive, Sea Oats Trail, and Wax Myrtle Trail.” RPC will have 150 days from the date of the contract to complete this project. Barnhill Contracting Co. and Hatchell Concrete Inc. also submitted bids.

RPC’s bid of $377,320 for the Yaupon Trail rebuilding project earned the company that contract, as well. The only other bidder, Barnhill Contracting Co., submitted a bid of $538,400. I would like to know what accounts for the wide discrepancy in these bids.

Remember the Traffic?

CONSPICIOUSLY ABSENT from the agenda for tonight’s meeting, as well as from the agenda for last month’s meeting, is any followup on the No-Left-Turn weekend in June and management/curtailment of cut-through traffic next summer. Unfortunately, this is par for the course that I’ve observed in the past four years.

I recently received the following email from a homeowner on Hillcrest Drive, whose name I will withhold because she was not writing publicly:

“My husband and I recently moved to the Southern Shores community. We love it here and actually his family has owned a house on Hillcrest Drive for about 30 years. We have moved into the home and are overwhelmed by the amount of traffic on our road Saturdays and Sundays during the summer. It is so bad we cannot even leave our home due to the amount of traffic on our street. This also occurs on Sea Oats just as bad if not worse. Hillcrest Drive and Sea Oats are basically a parking lot beginning at 8 a.m. until 6 p.m. every Saturday/Sunday.

“I am certain you are not the person who can do anything regarding this [Heaven knows, I’ve tried.], but maybe you can direct us on what if anything can be done about this. We literally feel like prisoners in our own home on the weekends during the summer.”

As do many of us. I heard from many of your fellow prisoners this summer on The Beacon’s Facebook page.

I wrote to the homeowner that she and others in her situation need to raise their voices with the Mayor and the Town Council—at Town Hall meetings, in emails, telephone calls, all methods of communication. “Grin and bear it” doesn’t result in change. “Grin and bear it” just results in another cliché: “Swept under the rug.” And one more: The “squeaky wheel” gets greased.

I hope to see all of you at the meeting tonight.

Ann G. Sjoerdsma, 9/5/18


Click to access Agendas_2018-09-05.pdf

Meeting packet:

Click to access Meeting-Packet_2018-09-05.pdf